Oliver Caldwell's blog
On languages, text editors and tools
Building for browsers in a terminal
August 8, 2013
My entire web development work flow takes place within my terminal; obviously I need a browser too, but other than that I have no GUI tools floating around. I’m going to show you what tools I use and how I use them. Take from this what you will.
A quick overview
I make use of tmux for multitasking, Vim for any editing with my extensive configuration, git, ag (also known as “The Silver Searcher”) as a grep replacement, Python for simple HTTP servers, node and a few linters including JSHint, CSSLint and JSONLint. These linters are completely integrated into Vim with Syntastic, so I don’t need to worry about running them.
I also use the general Unix tools a lot which include
ssh. Never underestimate the base tools that come with your OS; if you’re on Linux or Mac that is. I personally prefer a clean Arch Linux install with XFCE as a desktop environment. Combine that with my SSD wielding laptop and you have yourself some insane speeds to help you get your work done.
Tying things together
All of those tools would have no edge over GUIs if they all ran separately and could not be linked together easily. That’s why I have multiple bundles within my Vim configuration that allow me to interface with programs such as ag (ag.vim) and git (vim-fugitive). I don’t have to worry about running my linters either, Syntastic does that for me and shows me where the problems reside.
So I can do 80% of my work comfortably without leaving Vim by tying other programs into it via bundles. For the last 20% which are easier to do outside of Vim, such as manipulating large portions of the file system, I can send my Vim to the background with
++ and bring it back by running
fg when I’m done.
I can also use tmux for a huge amount of flexibility by splitting (
<">) or by creating a new window with
`. I have remapped my leader key to ` too, just to make it easier to hit.
It may be because I have been working like this for a while now, but this kind of thing feels so natural now. If I work inside my terminal 100% of the time I know that any tool I use will work in a similar way. I can search any output and pipe it around however I like. I can tie things into my editor with minimal effort and I can fix things when they go wrong (which is very, very rare).
After working with and getting used to Unix terminal style tooling for long enough you stop thinking about the interface; it no longer gets in the way, it just works. There doesn’t seem to be a learning curve for anything I start using now either because the interfaces are so very similar.
This way of working seems ridiculous and backwards to some people; it’s not worse, it’s just different. I love it.